Beyond EU borders

Frontex international cooperation spans across all areas of the agency’s operational work, from information exchange, risk analysis, joint operations, to return, training, research and innovation.

Where relevant, cooperation takes place based on working arrangements signed between the agency and the competent authorities of the non-EU country.

Our partners take part and contribute to various Frontex activities, and benefit from the agency’s support in terms of technical assistance and training.

Intelligence sharing

A wide network of Frontex-led regional intelligence sharing communities plays a crucial role in facilitating information and knowledge sharing, as well as joint analysis between the EU and participating non-EU countries. These include the Western Balkans Risk Analysis Network, the Eastern Partnership Risk Analysis Network, the Africa-Frontex Intelligence Community.


Frontex can also support countries neighbouring the EU with Frontex-coordinated joint operations with executive powers. An international status agreement with that country has to be concluded by the EU for this purpose. So far, such operations are being implemented in:

A number of coordination points have been established at border crossing points between two non-EU countries that have a working arrangement with Frontex and are activated for a defined period on the request of the partner countries. Observers from the border management teams and personnel from participating Member States are then deployed to these coordination points to facilitate cooperation and information exchange, particularly in relation to early detection of irregular migration trends.

Observers from certain non-EU countries can, with consent of the host Member State, be invited to participate in the agency’s operational activities.

Frontex Liaison Officers in non-EU countries facilitate dialogue and the implementation of cooperation on the ground.

Technical assistance projects

EU-funded technical assistance projects complement and enhance the agency’s external cooperation work, supporting the development of sustainable border and migration management solutions in non-EU countries.

International fora

Frontex contributes to the implementation of bilateral and regional cooperation frameworks on migration and fosters regular dialogue with non-EU countries by contributing to multilateral fora. We support the work under the Khartoum-, Rabat-, Budapest Processes, the Valetta Summit follow-up and other Commission-led initiatives. We offer expertise and contribute to ensuring sustainability of these platforms.

The agency also continues to facilitate dialogue at operational level through Frontex-led initiatives such as the International Border Police Conference, a biannual event bringing together representatives of border police authorities from all over the world.

Transatlantic cooperation and other strategic partnerships

Transatlantic cooperation remains an important part of Frontex’s cooperation efforts in responding to the more evolving global threats, mainly by exchange of knowledge and best practices. The United States of America, Canada, and Australia are among valuable interlocutors in this regard. Interconnected with the EU in a wide range of areas, including on countering of global threats to security at the borders - such as terrorism and transnational crime, these countries share common challenges and similar capacities with the EU. The agency continues to strengthen collaboration with strategic partners through the exchange of expertise and good practices in areas such as ETIAS, fundamental rights, operational response and law enforcement.