Return operations

Monitoring of return operations

The EU law requires that return operations are monitored for the respect of fundamental rights. For this purpose, each Member State must establish an effective forced-return monitoring system. 

In Frontex, the monitoring can be done:

• by forced-return monitors who are either nominated and deployed directly by Member States’ institutions competent for monitoring or from the forced-return monitor pool managed by Frontex; or

• by fundamental rights monitors employed by the agency.