In the first eleven months of this year, more than 308 000
irregular entries were detected at the external borders of the European Union,
according to preliminary calculations.* This represents an increase of 68%
compared with the same period of last year and is the highest since 2016. The
Western Balkan route remains the most active, with 45% of all irregular entry
detections to the European Union recorded since the beginning of the year.
In November, EU member states recorded about 27 000
irregular border crossings, 15% more than in the same month in 2021.
To support countries facing heavy migratory pressure and
other challenges at their borders, Frontex is currently providing more than 2
100 standing corps officers and various equipment in joint operations.
The Western Balkans continues to be the most active
migratory route into the EU with more than 14 105 detections in November, twice
as many as a year ago.
The Western Balkan region has registered the highest number
of detections since the peak of the migration crisis in 2015.
The sustained migratory pressure on the Western Balkans
route can be attributed to repeated attempts to cross the border by migrants
already present in the region, and the fact that some migrants abuse visa-free
access to the region to approach the EU external borders. At the end of
November, Serbia has restricted its visa regime which is expected to reduce the
numbers of illegal crossings.
Frontex supports the Western Balkan countries by deploying
nearly 500 standing corps officers and staff.
The second most active migratory route into the EU is the Central
Mediterranean. Here, from the beginning of the year the number of irregular
border crossings detected rose by 49% compared to 2021 to nearly 94 000.
Meanwhile, by the end of November Eastern Mediterranean route recorded a
116% increase with almost 40 000 detections.
In January-November 2022, the number of irregular migrants
detected in the Channel stood at 68 000, which is a 40% increase
compared to the same period last year. The migratory pressure is expected to
remain high and will be heaviest in favourable weather conditions.
figure includes other less active migratory routes not mentioned in this press
release. The final figures may be higher due to delayed reporting.
preliminary data presented in this statement refer to the number of detections
of irregular border-crossing at the external borders of the European Union. The
same person may attempt to cross the border several times in different
locations at the external border.